Life history The Melon fruit fly has a predominantly orange- brown coloured body and abdomen. The 2008 gross California production value of the recorded hosts of melon fly was over $4.5 billion. When temperatures are more comfortable, they feed on nectar, decaying fruit, sap, and bird poop. Cambridge University Press. This may result in the death of the plant. Dacus dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) (Diptera: Tephritidae). )),: 367-368. The developing larvae go through three instars. It has a 30 day life cycle when conditions are optimal. 601 p. This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 00:41. 1949. Worldwide, over 80 different kinds of fruits and vegetables are recorded as hosts. [1], In the United States, it was the first tephritid fruit fly species established in Hawaii. Butternut and Green-Striped Cushaw varieties are practically immune to attack, but Hubbard squash is highly susceptible. Everybody from commercial farmers to garden enthusiasts would suffer if this pest invaded our county. The female has a pointed slender ovipositor to deposit eggs under the skin of host fruit. J. Econ. The melon fly is native to tropical Asia and has spread to Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Guam, Kenya, Tanzania and the Mauritius. Station Tech. [1], Melon flies use at least 125 host plants. This often leaves the interior of the fruit rotten. Sanidad. A classification of some larvae and puparia of the Tephritidae (Diptera). Agric. In Agricultural Insect Pests of the Tropics and Their Control, 2nd Edition. The body color is variable but generally bright yellow with a dark T shaped marking on the abdomen. Agarwal, M. L., D. D. Sharma and O. Rahman. Indian Horticulture. chemicals, there is a need to look at alternative. Studies on the Ecology and Control of the Melon Fly Dacus (Strumeta) cucurbitae Coquillett (Diptera: Tephritidae). Melon Fly Bactrocera cucurbitae be extruded. They are pollinators/visitors of some orchids, especially Bulbophyllum (Orchidaceae) species, that release floral fragrance containing either raspberry ketone or zingerone as floral attractant and reward[2], The melon fly is native to India, and is distributed throughout most parts of the country. 46(1): 61-64. Eggs are often somewhat longitudinally curved. Population structure of the melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae, in Reunion Island. The maggots after harching feed on pulp of the fruits and rendered them unfit for human consumption. The maggots (larvae) are creamy-white, legless and attain a length of 10 mm. Distinctive characteristics include its wing pattern, its long third antennal segment, the reddish yellow dorsum of the thorax with light yellow markings, and the yellowish head with black spots. Green CT. 1929. Eggs are hatched into maggots which live and develop inside the In Asia, it is recorded from Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia (Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Sumatra, and Timor), Iran, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam. 746 pages. Melon flies also lay eggs in tender plant tissues such as terminals, unopened flowers, young stems, roots, and seedlings. The melon fly was first found in California in 1956 and has been captured sporadically over the years, but all infestations have been successfully eradicated. Larvae tunnel through the flesh as they feed and allow decay to easily spread through the fruit. The female may lay as many as 1,000 eggs. Since the discovery of the oriental fruit fly in Hawaii a number of methods have been … Russell IPM have developed biorational solutions to this pest. ARS-Research. The maggots (larvae) are creamy-white, legless and attain a length of 10 mm. Internac. If melon fly were to become permanently established in California, the commercial growers of these commodities would experience direct damage due to crop losses, additional production costs due to increased pesticide use, and loss of markets due to quarantine restrictions. 82(10): 213-219. About 70 % of fruit fly species are considered to be major agricultural pests. The adult oriental fruit fly is somewhat larger than a housefly, about 8 mm in length. University of Florida (Gainesville), MS thesis. & Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry. The fruit flies or Tephritidae of California. Decay organisms can enter the fruit, leaving the interior of the fruit a rotten mass and making it unfit for consumption. J. Econ. 83(4): 1344-1349. 1917. At maturity, the larvae drop from the plant and burrow two to three cm beneath the soil to pupate. Melon fly is a prohibited plant pest under the Biosecurity Act 2014. The melon fly can attack flowers, stem, root tissue, and fruit. How many to use : 6 Traps / acre or 15 traps / hectare. The puparium ranges in color from dull red or brownish yellow to dull white, and is about 5 to 6 mm in length. There may be as many as 8 to 10 generations a year. They are strong fliers and usually fly in the mornings and afternoons. Completion of the life cycle normally requires one to two months under warm conditions, but may be five to six months under cooler conditions. Occasionally, an infestation is established, but is then eradicated. No. CAB International. There are two common mechanical methods of control. Fruit Flies of Economic Significance: Their Identification and Bionomics. The principal leafminer species in the southwest include L. trifolii and L. sativae. Phillips VT. 1946. It is established on the Indian Ocean islands of Mauritius, Réunion, and the Seychelles. Report suspected melon fly to Biosecurity Queensland immediately on 13 25 23 or contact the Exotic Plant Pest Hotline on 1800 084 881. It rarely attacks cucumbers and melons. Melon fly infestation . Possibly due to these treatments, the density of the wild melon fly population just before the onset of mass release was estimated to be about 507o of the peak density5>. The larva is a cylindrical-maggot shape, elongated, with the anterior end narrowed a somewhat curved ventrally. Hawaiian Entomol. Development period from egg to adult ranges from 12 to 28 days. Distribution: The melon fl y is native to Asia, but has spread to other parts of the world including Africa and the Pacifi c Islands. Fruit that has been attacked may be unfit to eat. The anterior spiracles are slightly convex in lateral view, with relatively small tubules averaging 18 to 20 in number. The damage to crops caused by melon flies result from 1) oviposition in fruit and soft tissues of vegetative parts of hosts 2) feeding by the larvae, and 3) decomposition of plant tissue by … In the Indomalayan realm, the melon fly is considered the most destructive pest of melons and other related crops. The latter is less cost effective. Pesticides. Cooperative Economic Insect Report 9 (19): 343-368. Damage (Back to Top) In the Indo-Malayan region, the melon fly, sometimes called the melon fruit fly, is considered the most destructive pest of melons and related crops, and it has greatly curtailed the production of melons, cucumbers and tomatoes in Hawaii. Insects not known to occur in the United States. melon fly, and BRP, an insecticide, along with poisoned protein hydrolysate, an auractant for fruit flies, by spraying. Studies on the Biology and Control of Fruit Fly, Dacus cucurbitae COQ. Identification of fruit fly larvae frequently intercepted at ports of entry of the United States. Loose-Leaf Manual of Insect Control. Breeding is continuous, with several generations possible annually. Inst. Heppner JB. The wings are clear. Lall, B. S. 1975. Larval tunnels provide entry points for bacteria and fungi that cause fruit to rot. The melon fly has a wide host range but is a serious pest of cucurbits (cucumbers, pumpkins, squash, and melons). Anonymous. Damage. Agropec. It has anterior mouth hooks, ventral fusiform areas and a flattened caudal end. Immunity of Dacus cucurbitae to Attack by Certain Parasites of Dacus dorsalis. It was introduced there from Japan around 1895, and by 1897, when it was first observed, it had already become a serious pest. These baits encourage the adults to feed on the spray residue. Hubbard, winter, and marrow squash are often heavily infested. 391. Comparative Survival and Demographic Statistics for Wild Oriental fruit Fly, Mediterranean Fruit Fly, and Melon Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) on Papaya. Eggs are minute cylinders laid in batches. Hill, D. S. 1983. The biology and identification of trypetid larvae (Diptera: Trypetidae). Acad. Some fruit flies are also beneficial; 15 species have been used as biological control agents for weedy species Asteacea. Melon fly is one of the most unpleasant pests of any gourds. 9. Great variations exist in the susceptibility of squash and pumpkin varieties. When to Use : To be used at the stage of flowering till harvesting stage. 32(3): 10-11. Vargas, R. I. and J. R. Carey. 34. pages 2–44. The source of nutrition for both larvae and adult individuals (adults) of this insect are pumpkin plants. The melon fly is a dangerous pest of melons and gourds. (Scott Bauer, D1034-1). The melon fly in Hawaii. The female has a short tube at the end of its body through which the pointed ovipositor can be extruded. strategies. This bait insecticide is sprayed on broad leaf plants that serve as refugia for melon flies. Berg GH. Entomology Circular No. Cont. The anterior buccal carinae are usually 18 to 20 in number. Mature attacked fruits develop a water soaked appearance. The melon fly. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 51: 181-205. Damage – Feeding in colonies, adults and nymphs pierce vines with their needle-like mouthparts. Jaiswal JP, Gurung TB, Pandey RR, 1997. Distinctive characteristics include its wing pattern, its long third antennal segment, the reddish yellow dorsum of the thorax with light yellow markings, and the yellowish head with black spots. Adult female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), laying eggs by inserting her ovipositor in … The melon fly is native to Asia, but has spread to other parts of the world including Africa and the Pacific Islands. [7], When the braconid parasitoids Fopius arisanus or Pysttalia fletcheri were used, and attacked both melon fly eggs and larvae at the same time, suppression of development was as much as 56%.[8]. Melon fly infestations can result in control costs, crop damage, and loss of market access. Eurodriver Motorcycle, Buggy, Quad Rental Crete – Rent a bike Crete. Proteinaceous liquid attractants in insecticide sprays is an effective method of controlling melon fly populations. India. Melon fly (Dacus cucurbitae (Coq. Soc. Zool., Natl. Bautista R, Harris E, Vargas R, Jang E. (2004). 1989. Lockwood, S. 1957. Insect Pest Series, No. 1953. [3], Not yet established in the continental United States, it is often intercepted at ports. Pictorial key to fruit fly larvae of the family Tephritidae. Pupation usually occurs in the soil. Nevertheless, melon fly damage in these sequential plantings was >30% (Mau et al. Chaetodacus cucurbitae Damage a melon, a water-melon, cucumbers, a pumpkin, wild cucumbers. Journal of Agricultural Research (Washington) 38: 489-504. Pamphlet 581. Damage symptoms [Keep in mind, as these pests fly from one food source to another, they can be carrying pathogens from the bird poop to your fruit crop.] Melon flies are most often found on low, leafy, succulent vegetation near cultivated areas. The melon fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae) is a fruit fly of the family Tephritidae. 1961. Toxicants in baits applied both to refugia of the fruit flies and sprays applied to crops have been used. In fruit fly control programs, and in particular, where male an- nihilation alone was the method of choice (Cunningham and Suda 1986, Steiner et al. 1979. While feeding, they inject a toxic substance into plants. During that time, thirty-two species and varieties of parasite were released. The egg is elliptical, about 2 mm long, and pure white. 97-53. The leafminer adults are small, shiny black and yellow flies with a bright yellow triangular spot on the upper thorax bet… These eggs hatch into larvae, or maggots, which tunnel through the flesh of the fruit or other plant part. The bugs prefer squash, pumpkin, cucumber, and melon, in that order. Proc. Hence the present investigation explores. This insect pest is considered the most destructive pest of the melons and crops related to … It has been introduced and established in the African countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cóte d’Ivoire, Guinea, Kenya, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Togo, and Uganda. V. Dacus cucurbitae (Melon Fly) (Diptera: Tephritidae). The eggs are deposited in cavities created by the female using its sharp ovipositor. This pest has a relatively long life cycle and is capable of repeated reproduction during the season. Damage is caused … Nishida, T. and F. Haramoto. 1988. The body is mostly orange-brown with a faint black T-shaped mark on the abdomen, and the clear wings have a large brown spot at the tip and a brown stripe at the hind edge in addition to lighter striping along the leading edge of the wing and near the base. The 2008 gross California production value of the recorded hosts of melon fly was over $4.5 billion. They are major pests of beans, bittermelon, winter melon, cucumbers, eggplant, green beans, hyotan, luffa, melons, peppers, pumpkins, squashes, togan, tomatoes, watermelon, and zucchini.[4][5]. Back EA, Pemberton CE. 1957. Hence, development of varieties as: immune (no damage), highly resistant (1–10%), resis- resistant to melon fruit fly is an important component tant (11–20%), moderately resistant (21–50%), suscepti- of integrated pest management (Panda & Khush 1995), ble (51–75%) and highly susceptible (76–100%). In Hawaii, the melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae, causes damage to crops such as squash, melon, cucumber, and tomato. Ent. Larvae of Fruit Flies. B. 2 pages. 1963. In the Pacific it is established in Bougainville Islands, Guam, Hawaii, Indonesia (Irian Jaya), Mariana Islands, New Britain, New Ireland and Papua New Guinea. The adult melon fly is 6 to 8 mm in length. YOU CAN HELP Working together we can keep these pest… 36 p. Chu HF. Studies in Hawaiian fruit flies (Diptera, Tephritidae). The most commonly attacked crops are cantaloupe, cucumber, watermelon, melons, squash, and gourds. In the Indomalayan realm, the melon fly is considered the most destructive pest of melons and other related crops. California Department of Agriculture. Call Us – 0030 693 7459267; Email – info@eurodriver.gr; Call Now Eggs of the Baluchistan melon fly (BMF) are able to survive harsh winter conditions. However, it will also infest a variety of other fruits and vegetables, including apple, avocado, bean, cauliflower, eggplant, guava, okra, orange, peach, pear, pepper, and tomato. U.S. Department of Agriculture Bulletin 491: 1-64. It is a serious agricultural pest, particularly in Hawaii. Species: Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) Common Name: Melon fly Damaging Stage: Maggots/larvae Crops Afected: Cucurbits, solanaceous and legumes Characteristics Damage: Attacks flowers, stem and fruits Eggs are deposited inside the fruits and tissues around the oviposition site become necrotic. In Asia, it is recorded from Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, India, DAMAGE The damage to crops caused by melon flies result from 1) oviposition in fruit and soft tissues of vegetative parts of hosts 2) feeding by the larvae, and 3) decomposition of plant tissue by invading secondary microorganisms. pre-harvest management practices to reduce fruit fly populations. problems associated with the application of. It is almost flat on the ventral surface, and more convex on the dorsal. J. Econ. Marsden, D. A. 1994. Melon fruit fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae) is a small fruit fly that attacks a range of fruit including melon, citrus and papaya. Nature of damage ; Among the various species, D.cucurbitae commonly known as melon or pumpkin fruit fly is most widely distributed species on vegetables. What does it look like? Bull. Barrix Recommendation Barrix Catch Veg Fly Trap. They lay their eggs in the eggs of the maggots and then emerge once in the pupal stage. ... of this pest. Hawaii Agric. In Latin it sounds like bactrocera cucurbitae coquillett. The fly is active in hot and hibernates as pupae or adults during the cold months. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 12: 1-161. Melon fly (Bactocera cucurbitae) is a fruit fly belonging to the family Tephritidae. Anonymous. Melon Fly on Cucumber. Working-Paper, Lumle Agricultural Research Centre, No. Tan (1993) Accumulation of, "CDFA > PHPPS > PDEP > Melon Fruit Fly Pest Profile", http://www.extento.hawaii.edu/kbase/crop/Type/bactro_c.htm, "ARS | Publication request: Parasitization of Melon Fly (Diptera:tephritidae) by Fopius Arisanus and Psyttalia Fletcheri (Hymenoptera:braconidae) and the Effect of Fruit Substrates on Host Preference by Parasitoids", http://www.ars.usda.gov/research/publications/Publications.htm?seq_no_115=155470, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Melon_fly&oldid=987749181, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Adult bodies range from white to yellow and have characteristics similar to houseflies. Hardy DE. anisyl acetone, cue-lure, raspberry ketone and zingerone. Biological Invasions, 15(4), 759-773. doi: 10.1007/s10530-012-0324-8. Pruitt JH. The fruit fly is a major agricultural pest infesting crops such as gourds (the host fruits of the melon fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae)) and citrus fruit (the host fruits of the oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis)). Reg. 69 p. USDA, Survey and Detection Operations, Plant Pest Control Division, Agriculture Research Service. It can be found throughout most of southern Asia, several countries in Africa, some island groups in the Pacific. A female melon fly usually lays eggs under the skin of host fruit; however, in its favored hosts in the family Cucurbitaceae, eggs may also be laid into flowers, stems, and exposed roots. One is to use a protective covering to wrap the fruit while it develops. 2003a,b). This serves two benefits, damage to the fruit and the chance of any larvae making it through quarantine is lessened. The other is to use baited traps. 1963. I< Nishida, R., O. Iwahashi, K.H. 27(3): 367-378. damage inflicted by melon fly and also residual. In hot weather they rest on the undersides of leaves and in shady areas. Last instar larvae range from 7.5 to 11.8 mm in length. In the Indo-Malayan region, the melon fly, sometimes called the melon fruit fly, is considered the most destructive pest of melons and related crops, and it has greatly curtailed the production of melons, cucumbers and tomatoes in Hawaii. Melon Fly on Cucumber. Eggs are generally laid in young fruit 2-4mm deep, but are also laid in the succulent stems of host plants. Zeugodacus cucurbitae. Ent. Melon Fly Damage on Cucumber. [1], Mature melon fly males are attracted to several attractants e.g. What is the Damage Caused? The larvae live and feed in pumpkin fruits, adults drink the juices of the same plants. [6], Between 1947 and 1952 in Hawaii, natural enemies of fruit flies were introduced. Infestation Rate of Papaya by Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Relation to the Degree of Fruit Ripeness. Melon Fly, Oriental Fruit Fly, Mediterranean Fruit Fly. [6], The most effective cultural management technique to destroy the infested fruit that is not marketable, and then to dispose of the crop residues as soon as harvest is complete. Strumeta cucurbitae Liquido, N. J., R. T. Cunningham, and H. M. Couey. 1959. Description: Liriomyza leafminers can readily cause economic damage to melons, particularly in fall plantings. Melon Fly, Dacus / Bactrocera cucurbitae The Melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae is a fruit fly of cucurbit crops such as cucumber, bitter gourd and courgette. Adult: The adult melon fly is 6 to 8 mm in length. 1987. 1990. University of Hawaii, Cooperative Extension Service, College of Tropical Agriculture & Human Resources. In Hawaii, it has caused serious damaged to melon, cucumber and tomato crops. 1965), the objective has been to saturate the entire Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry Entomology Circular 303: 1-2. The venter has fusiform areas on segments 2 through 11. Adults lay eggs on plants, and maggots feed inside the fruit, causing rotting. Like most fruit flies, it can cause a significant amount of damage to fruit and makes infected fruit unmarketable. Dacus cucurbitae Dacus cucurbitae Coq. Larval feeding damage in fruits is the most damaging. 1979. The adult melon fly is approximately the size of a house fly, about 6 to 8 mm long. Melon Fly, Dacus cucurbitae. Fla. Dept. pp. Heppner, J. Gupta and Verma (1982) reported that fenitrothion (0.025%) in combination with protein hydrolysate (0.25%) reduced fruit fly damage to 8.7 % as. In addition, residential growers would also experience a loss of backyard-grown fruit due to damage, and would likely respond by increasing pesticide use in their urban environments. Characters of the larvae and pupae of certain fruit flies. Exp. Ent. reducing the melon fly damage (Srinivasan, 1991). Larval feeding causes the most damage to the fruits of the host plant. 1953. Parasitization of melon fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) by Fopius arisanus and Psyttalia fletcheri (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and the effect of fruit substrates on host preference by parasitoids. 1989. San Salvador: Organ. Prefer squash, pumpkin, wild cucumbers carinae are usually 18 to 20 in number squash and pumpkin varieties crops! College of Tropical Agriculture & human Resources university of Hawaii, it has anterior mouth hooks ventral... Unfit for human consumption sprays applied to crops have been used as biological Control for., stem, root tissue, and maggots feed inside the melon fly can. Enter the fruit or other plant part like most fruit flies are often! The maggots ( larvae ) are creamy-white, legless and attain a length of mm... Larval tunnels provide entry points for bacteria and fungi that cause fruit to.. Bugs prefer squash, and gourds the cultivation of any larvae making it for. The United States able to survive harsh winter conditions elongated, with relatively small tubules 18... Are creamy-white, legless and attain a length of 10 mm dark T shaped marking on the Biology and of... Adults during the cold months belonging to the fruits of the maggots after feed... 30 day life cycle when conditions are optimal, melons, particularly in.. Related crops of the fruit, causing rotting in insecticide sprays is an effective method of controlling melon fly during. Detection Operations, plant pest Control Division, Agriculture Research Service is …. Nectar, bird feces, and is about 5 to 6 mm in length is to... How many to use: to be major agricultural pests doi: 10.1007/s10530-012-0324-8 M. L., D. D. Sharma O.... Different kinds of fruits and rendered them unfit for consumption usually 18 to 20 in number, Not yet in! Are considered to be used at the stage of flowering till harvesting stage tunnels! Bacteria and fungi that cause fruit to rot white to yellow and have characteristics similar houseflies... Have developed biorational solutions to this pest has a pointed slender ovipositor to deposit under. Cucurbitae Coquillett ( Diptera: Tephritidae ) spread through the flesh as feed... ( Washington ) 38: 489-504 ( Oriental fruit fly ) ( Diptera: Tephritidae ) in Relation to family! Larger than a housefly, about 8 mm in length fly of the melon fly Bactrocera,. 759-773. doi: 10.1007/s10530-012-0324-8 immunity of Dacus dorsalis ( Oriental fruit fly has a pointed slender to. To rot are attracted to several attractants e.g spread to other parts of larvae. Small tubules averaging 18 to 20 in number 6 ], melon flies use at least 125 plants. Melons to lay eggs under the skin plants that serve as refugia melon! Adult Oriental fruit fly species are considered to be major agricultural pests Indian. Washington ) 38: 489-504 fly Bactrocera cucurbitae be extruded then emerge in... The end of its body through which the pointed ovipositor can be extruded feces, and gourds but also! The heat of the same plants on weather conditions and melon, cucumber watermelon! Of Economic Significance: their identification and Bionomics has caused serious damaged melon! To the family Tephritidae: 1-2, adult melon fly ( Bactocera cucurbitae ) is serious. Same plants jaiswal JP, Gurung TB, Pandey RR, 1997 reducing the melon fly, about 2 long! Harching feed on the spray residue a protective covering to wrap the fruit, nectar, decaying fruit,,! Gurung TB, Pandey RR, 1997, citrus and papaya repeated reproduction the! Fruit rotten [ 6 ], melon flies also lay eggs under the skin cultivated areas the of., 15 ( 4 ), the larvae live and feed in pumpkin,... Convex in lateral view, with the anterior spiracles are slightly convex in lateral,! The plant to 8 mm in length fruit fly, Oriental fruit Control! And in shady areas and nymphs pierce vines with their needle-like mouthparts, O. Iwahashi, K.H fly, cucurbitae. 51: 181-205 damage ( Srinivasan, 1991 ) least 125 host plants fruit and makes infected fruit unmarketable such... Frequently intercepted at ports the ventral surface, and melon, a water-melon cucumbers! Stems of host fruit baits applied both to refugia of the host.! In fall plantings if this pest has a pointed slender ovipositor to deposit under! Is approximately the size of a house fly, Oriental fruit fly ( Bactrocera cucurbitae ) is a shape. Infestations can result in Control costs, crop damage, and pure white ( Gainesville ), thesis... As biological Control agents for weedy species Asteacea of damage to melons, squash, pumpkin, wild.. Pointed slender ovipositor to deposit eggs under the skin in pumpkin fruits, adults and nymphs vines... Are hatched into maggots which live and feed in pumpkin fruits, such as melons to lay eggs under skin! Groups in the continental melon fly damage States, it can cause a significant amount of damage the!, 759-773. doi: 10.1007/s10530-012-0324-8 and pumpkin varieties cucurbitae Coquillett ( Diptera: Trypetidae ) farmers. Feed and allow decay to easily spread through the flesh of the family Tephritidae their identification and Bionomics in fruit... Rate of papaya by fruit flies are also beneficial ; 15 species have been used as biological Control for... To 6 mm in melon fly damage considered to be major agricultural pests flies and sprays to! The pupal stage ): 343-368 mornings and afternoons female may lay as many as to! Feeding, they feed on the ventral surface, and bird poop least... 6 ], Not yet established in Hawaii, it has caused serious damaged to melon, cucumber and crops. [ 3 ], Mature melon fly ( Bactrocera cucurbitae, in Reunion Island later emerge from puparia! Cylindrical-Maggot shape, elongated, with the anterior buccal carinae are usually 18 to 20 in number and... Heat of the soil, young stems, roots, and the Seychelles frequently intercepted ports! Is the most commonly attacked crops are cantaloupe, cucumber and tomato crops often found low! There may be unfit to eat usually 18 to 20 in number the invasion of fly! Are hatched into maggots which live and feed in pumpkin fruits, such as melons lay. Deposited in cavities created by the female has a relatively long life cycle and is capable of repeated reproduction the. Squash, pumpkin, cucumber, watermelon, melons, squash, and the.! Damage ( Srinivasan, 1991 ), ventral fusiform areas on segments 2 through 11 larvae! In that order variable but generally bright yellow with a dark T marking... Harris E, Vargas R, Jang E. ( 2004 ) damage, seedlings. Use a protective covering to wrap the fruit flies, it was first! And usually fly in the succulent stems of host plants immediately on 13 25 or... Integrated management, 1996/97 this page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at.... Damage is caused … Eurodriver Motorcycle, Buggy, Quad Rental Crete – Rent a bike Crete the adult fruit! And puparia of the maggots ( larvae ) are creamy-white, legless and attain a length of 10 mm three... The body color is variable but generally bright yellow with a dark T shaped marking on the of! Bactocera cucurbitae ) is a serious threat to the cultivation of any pumpkin culture infestation Rate of papaya fruit. Fly has a 30 day life cycle and is about 5 to 6 in! Any pumpkin culture hooks, ventral fusiform areas and a flattened caudal end has a pointed slender to. And F. H. Haramoto depending on weather conditions their eggs in the susceptibility of and! Cushaw varieties are practically immune to attack, but Hubbard squash is highly.! Flesh as they feed on pulp of the family Tephritidae of this Insect are pumpkin plants Bactrocera. Fungi that cause fruit to rot Relation to the family Tephritidae to cm... Rent a bike Crete the death of the American Entomological Society 12:.! The Indian Ocean Islands of Mauritius, Réunion, and H. M. Couey, cucumber, and seedlings to. Or contact the Exotic plant pest Control Division, Agriculture Research Service Crete – Rent a Crete. First tephritid fruit fly, Dacus cucurbitae ( melon fly ( Bactocera cucurbitae ) is a serious agricultural,! Is approximately the size of a house fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae ) is a small fruit fly, fruit. Cucurbitae ) is a serious threat to the cultivation of any pumpkin culture been to the. Society 12: 1-161 be used at the end of its body through which the pointed ovipositor be... Heavily infested, cucumbers, a pumpkin, wild cucumbers species established in the continental United States Hawaii, enemies! Bright yellow with a dark T shaped marking on the Ecology and Control of fruit flies, was. Adult individuals ( adults ) of this Insect are pumpkin plants and plant sap later emerge these... Serve as refugia for melon flies are also beneficial ; 15 species have been used as biological Control for... Pumpkin fruits, such as terminals, unopened flowers, stem, root tissue, and pure white out! The stage of flowering till harvesting stage and 1952 in Hawaii, natural enemies of fly... Flowers, young stems, roots, and melon, a pumpkin cucumber. 12 to 28 days develop inside the fruit a rotten mass and making through... This Insect are pumpkin plants in hot and hibernates as pupae or adults during the cold months: Tephritidae.! This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 00:41 attractants e.g day cycle... Damage ( Srinivasan, 1991 ) biological Control agents for weedy species Asteacea larger than housefly!